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The Importance of The 7 Design Elements

Interior design is a physical and visual experience, so we recommend taking a deeper look into the 7 design elements to assist you in creating the perfect space.


1. Space

Space is the area within the room, that includes the dimensions, ceiling height, shape of the room and the placement of windows and doors. Understand the space of the room before deciding on any changes. This is an integral element of design, so before adding furniture or colour, consider the entire volume of space.


2. Line

Line is the sense of direction of a design. Lines can be vertical, horizontal, diagonal and even curved. The line of the room will lead the eye and communicate a feeling or emotion. You can use lines to divide a space and outline a featured object. Decide how you want the space to feel, vertical lines can create height, drawing the eye upwards. Horizontal lines work well in casual rooms and tend to create a restful, relaxed feeling. It is important to consider what type of atmosphere you want to achieve.

The below photo of one of our renovated bathrooms in Kensington is representing a horizontal line, drawing the eye along the cabinetry and across the room.

3. Shape

Shape is the form or outline of lines to create an enclosed structure. You can coordinate the shape in a room by using co-ordinated furniture or you can create statement features by highlighting pieces such as mirrors, beams, cornices and even windows. Shapes can determine the style of the room, if you are wanting to create a contemporary style then clean lines work best, whereas curved shapes are better incorporated into an antique or vintage style home.

The below dining room space has incorporated a combination of shapes by framing the door way with detailed cornices, attaching an oval shaped mirror to soften the room and using solid timber stairs to contrast the contemporary and traditional design styles.

4. Colour

Colour produces different sensations as a result of the way it reflects light. Colour is a complex element of design as it can drastically change the character and feeling of a space. Ask yourself, how do I want to feel? This is an important step when considering colour for your home. Colours can impact your mood so choosing the right shades and tones that help you feel good, are an integral part of the interior design process.

Living room

5. Texture

Texture is not just feel or touch, it is also a visual aspect of the design. Texture can bring another dimension to your design and add a layer of visual interest. Textures play a large part in the theme of a space, it can determine whether the room is rustic, traditional or coastal. You can soften a room by adding beautiful textures like a simple knitted throw or shaggy rug.

6. Light

Light can truly transform a room, a well balance home needs to incorporate both artificial and natural light. When transforming an interior space, determine the orientation of the walls and windows to help you establish your guides and constraints. Unlike natural light, artificial light can be controlled. Hanging pendent lights, floor lamps and downlights can be incorporated into a room to create the illusion of pattern, colour and movement.

7. Pattern

Pattern is the repetition of a graphic, which can be implemented in cushions, rugs or hanging art. Pattern is a fun element of design that can add visual interest to a space, define surfaces and convey a design style.

Your furniture and décor need to reflect your personality and style. Choosing furniture that is functional and stylish can be a tricky task, be sure to understand the space and carefully consider your lifestyle. Your lifestyle can have a huge impact on the type of storage and furniture you choose. If your home does not have a range of built in storage, be sure to pick storage solutions that fit the space; bulky draws, bookshelves and cupboards can enclose a room and make it feel small.

Décor is an important part of making an interior space stand out and can add the element of colour to your home. Coloured cushions, rugs and hanging wall art can have a big impact. Soft furnishings create comfort, so place a beautiful throw over a couch or bed to bring a sense of warmth to the room. Your main items such as Kitchen benchtops, splashbacks and flooring coverings are always best kept in a neutral colour pallet, this way you can change your décor as trends change.

The best interior design spaces, use an understanding of all the design elements. But before you consider the elements, firstly determine how you want the space to make you feel, what you want your home to portray and how well you want your home to function. Once you have set the theme for your design, you can incorporate the elements with ease.

Ultimately your homes interior needs to be a space for functionality and enjoyment. Create a room that feels like home!

If you’re building or renovating your Perth home, contact us today for more information today.